The IBM Client Innovation Centers Europe are wholly owned subsidiaries of IBM. In 2013, IBM opened 3 centers in Europe – France, Germany and Netherlands. In 2015, IBM opened its fourth centre in UK followed by the fifth center in Sweden and the sixth center in Italy. In 2016, the centers network grew with two more centers opened, in Austria and Switzerland. The 9th center opened in 2017, in Copenhagen, Denmark. As part of IBM’s globally integrated capability network, the Centers have been created to deliver an industry-leading range of innovative technology services and provide deep technical and industry expertise to local IBM clients across public and private sectors.